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agm2010 -- voting questions and answers

  1. Am I allowed to vote for more candidates than there are positions to be filled?

    No.  In its pure form, Sequential Proportional Approval Voting (SPAV) would allow voting for as many or as few candidates as you wanted, even if this exceeded the number of positions.  However, this is currently disallowed at TFN (see third motion in minutes of the board of directors - September 15, 2010).

  2. Are there any paper ballots in this election?

    No.  All voting is online.  Throughout the AGM web pages, the term "ballot" refers to an electronic ballot.  This also means that there is no voter-verified paper trail.

  3. May a candidate be nominated without her or his consent?


  4. Are write-in candidates allowed?


  5. Is there a threshold requirement for candidates?

    There is no percentage threshold.  The rules do not prevent a candidate who received as little as only 1 vote from winning.  However, a candidate that received 0 votes is deemed defeated.

  6. Is it possible for some seats to remain vacant after the election?

    Yes.  Because candidates are defeated if they receive 0 votes, it is possible for some of the positions that were to be filled to remain vacant, even though there were more candidates than positions.

  7. What if everyone votes for the same one candidate and for no one else?

    The Chief Returning Officer (CRO) will declare elected the candidate for whom everyone voted and declare vacant the remaining positions that were to be filled.

  8. What if there are, say, ten candidates and the only voters are the ten candidates themselves and each candidate votes only for herself or himself?

    In this case, each candidate will have received exactly 1 vote.  The CRO will conduct a tie-breaking lottery to fill all the positions.

  9. I read that there are three rounds of vote counting.  Does this mean that there are multiple rounds of balloting too?

    No.  There is only one round of balloting.

  10. May a candidate transfer to another candidate any votes that she or he received?


  11. May two or more candidates pool their votes in some way or form a party list?


  12. May a candidate claim membership in a slate, party, or faction?

    Not on the ballot.  However, each candidate is free to indicate such loyalties in any campaign materials.

  13. During vote counting, why do we divide by 2 in the second round, then by 3 in the third round, for some of the ballots?  Is there a formula?

    Yes.  Under SPAV, in each round, each ballot is given a WEIGHT of 1/(k+1), where "k" is the number of candidates that received a vote from that ballot and that were elected in the prior rounds.

    In particular, in the first round, where "k" equals 0 (since no winners have been picked before the first round), all of the ballots have a weight of 1/(0+1) = 1.

    In the second round, the system deems "k" to equal 0 for all voters who got none of their candidates elected in the first round, while deeming "k" to equal 1 for those voters who supported the candidate who won the first round.

    In the third round, the system still deems "k" to equal 0 for all voters who have yet to get any of their candidates elected, while deeming "k" to equal 1 for those voters who supported only one of the two candidates who won the first two rounds, and deeming "k" to equal 2 for those voters who approved of both those candidates.

  14. How large must a minority faction be, in order to elect a candidate?

    In this election, where the district magnitude is three, a minority faction must exceed 1/4 of the votes to guarantee itself representation on the board of directors.

  15. Can a voter ever hurt a particular candidate's chances of winning by voting for that candidate?

    No.  SPAV is said to be monotonic.

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